1. Potential exists for cities to become more than, as Ferdinand Toennies presents it, an impersonal space containing “social conditions in which the individuals remain in isolation and veiled hostility toward each other so that only fear of clever retaliation restrains them from attacking one another”
    Klyde Warren Park in Dallas is a perfect example of the actions being taken to increase social capital and health and wellbeing, taking into consideration the current trends within society. Rather than condemning society’s reliance on the automobile, this approach embraces it.
    A Dallas 10-lane freeway created a divide within the Metropolis, disrupting community life and acting as a barrier to the potential cohesion and connectivity between residents. The lack of natural environment in this urban area also presented an issue for both environmental and noise pollution, appearing undesirable, particularly to families. In order to promote economic growth and attract and connect residents, a people-friendly social space was created over the freeway.
    This green-space’s complex design was intended to create a sense of discovery as one moved between the different areas and activities, all situated within 5 acres of park-land. Activities and facilities included a performance pavilion, restaurants, walking trails, children’s park, and botanical gardens, as well as free programming such as movies, yoga, and outdoor lectures.
    This park was a success, resulting in increased social and economic interaction between residents and businesses from previously divided areas of Dallas. This park provided a safe and positive environment for both residents and visitors, promoting outdoor exposure, social interaction, the development of relationships, and safety from risk-factors such as traffic.

    #S208UOW17 #tut9 # Mon1130

  2. Urban alienation is becoming more common in a globalised world, especially in big cities. We are becoming more detached from others around us which is having negative implications for the mental health of individuals. However, due to globalisation we are moving into a more digitalised world. Thus, we are experiencing a rapid increase in access to and reliance on technology. Meanwhile, it is also expected that there will be advances in technology in the future. Hence, it could be suggested that whilst transport and road infrastructure will still be a critical feature of future urban landscapes and a clear necessity for the projected population increase, perhaps the amount of people using them will vary. This is because technology will allow larger amounts of people to complete their work from home instead of having to travel into the city to achieve this. Furthermore, this can also apply to education as online degrees have already been introduced and perhaps will increase in popularity over time. Therefore, to what extent will exopolis sprawl become an issue for society remains to be seen. Regardless, I do agree with the point that we need to plan carefully to preserve social, sustainable communities with integrated public transport and rail lines.

    #S208UOW17 #tut9 # Mon1130

  3. As mentioned in the lecture, Jacob’s (1961) first principle regarding city (in particular street) planning is that “districts and its internal parts (ie. streets) must serve more than one primary function”. This consideration of creating multiple functions is important in to discussion that roads have fallen into the trap that they are specifically designated for highways and cars.
    This approach of strictly linking cars to road use not only leads to dependency on vehicles, but has been seen to negatively effect cities to the extend that Newman (2016) recognises that “today there are cities that are trying to remove them”. His suggestion, in line with David Burwell is to “think of transportation as public space … boulevards with space for cars, cyclists, pedestrians, a busway or LRT, all packaged in good design and with associated land use that creates attractions for everyone – these are the gathering spaces that make green cities good cities”.

    While the lecture outlined Newman’s (2012) problems and contradictory nature of our cars (and thus our dependency on cars and roads), Waitt and Harada (2012) note the ‘anticipated freedom’ of travel without the time constraints of public transport. Could the rise is car-sharing (such as Uber that has been rolled out – most recently in Wollongong) provide a satisfactory middle ground between public and private modes of transport, and thus the potential sprawl of individuals within cities?

    #SOC208UOW17 #Tut9 #Mon1130

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