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  1. With the rise of housing prices, suburbs are sprawling further away from cities in the hope to lower prices. There has been a boom of estates that are being built that are initially dependant on the automobile. These new suburbs are without public transport or shopping centres, resulting in residents needing to drive to surrounding suburbs to access services.

    Walks (2015) highlights that much of the urban population across developed and developing worlds now live in suburbs. This is creating new forms of vulnerability and a rise of new proposals to redesign existing cities. This new form of suburbanism is now considered to be an evolving process that is constantly fluctuating and pulsating. It is a distinct space that has combined characteristics from rural and urban spaces to form a hybrid space Lefebvre has termed as ‘ruban’ space.

    Walks (2015) also goes on to explain that these new suburbs feature new ways of life that came to be associated with individualism, consumerism, middle-class homogeneity, lack of diversity and conformism. While Walks focuses on the characteristics of suburbs, Simmel has come to identify the risks these characteristics has on individuals. Simmel (2006) identifies that external stimuli that is life within the city, the lights, sounds, noises, traffic, smells and endless bodies of people, causes detrimental harm to an individual’s emotions. He highlights that the overload of stimuli makes one blasé.

    Careful planning and consideration is needed to preserve suburbs of their existing characteristics and prevent the increase of car dependency within newly established cities. Town planners and developers need to consider the risks of busy, hi-stimuli suburban areas and how this can create substantial impacts on the lives of residents.

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