SOC344 2018 Tut10 – Mon 14.30pm

Who doesn’t want to be happy? The last few decades have seen a great rise in the pursuit of happiness. Not the Aristotelian pursuit of a virtuous, well rounded emotional life, nor the Jeffersonian pursuit of happiness through liberty as an ‘inalienable right’, nor even the Utilitarian pursuit of happiness as the ‘greatest good for the greatest number’. Rather, there has been a surge of interest in measuring and planning for the happiness of nations. The OECD now tracks wellbeing measures across countries, Bhutan has pioneered in interest in Gross National Happiness (GNH) over GDP as a measure of societal progress, and the UK is interested in findings ‘happy places’ by measuring wellbeing and happiness by geographic location. Happiness is clearly now an important measure of social progress.

And yet happiness is still largely individualised as an emotion. Despite studies by world happiness experts like Ruut Veenhoven showing that happiness is clearly linked to social structural conditions in that it varies substantially across rich, poor and unequal nations, the treatments for happiness are still largely individualised. Medication and therapy – including mass therapy, or a societal/national foci on promoting mindfulness, positive psychology and CBT – are put forward as the means for resolving unhappiness, even when changes in economic and work conditions, family, gender, ethnic, and age structures, and urban and social connection may be the primary culprits in causing unhappiness. Can the proliferation of lists on how to be happy in 5, 7, 13, or 25 ‘science-backed’ easy (and obviously non-contradictory …) steps really compensate for broader social change?

And what about other emotions? How much of our unhappiness is about rising anxiety, depression, stress and anger? How much of our happiness depends on peace, contentment and love? And how much does our happiness – in all its related emotional forms – depend on what we are doing, rather than how we might sum up our lives on a 0 to 10 scale of satisfaction? In previous research, my colleague Kimberly Fisher and I found (unexpectedly) that Americans would enjoy their time less if they lived like Australians, because they would spend more time doing unpleasant things like housework, and less time doing fun things like having people over for dinner. We also found that the GFC seemed to have the effect of helping Americans re-evaluate the quality of their time, and enjoy the grind of work less and the pleasantness of social and family time more. Clearly, reflecting on and adjusting the social circumstances and lives that make us happy is an important element on our actual happiness. Mary Holmes calls this emotional reflexivity, or “an embodied, cognitive and relational process in which social actors have feelings about and try to understand and alter their lives in relation to their social and natural environment and to others.”

I say – as I always do with regards to all matters sociological – that structure and agency go hand in hand in the consideration of our happiness. We can change the world – and we can change ourselves – one emotion at a time, with reflection and awareness. I say that we need to be reflexive about what makes us happy (how society affects us), what makes others happy (how we affect society), if there are contradictions and inequalities in happiness, and when it is appropriate to beshow, or change our happiness, unhappiness, or other emotions – rather than assuming we should always try and be simply happy as a default for living. If we can do these things, I think we can start to really understand what it means to be happy in today’s society, and to understand and build truly happy societies.

What do you think?

#S344UOW18 #Tut10 #Mon1430

Posted in SOC327 - Emotions Bodies and Society, UOW.

2 Comments on SOC344 2018 Tut10 – Mon 14.30pm

rct652 said : Guest Report a month ago

I think happiness is something in which each individual in society aims for but never truly achieves. I do believe that individuals can be happy at some points in their life but it is never for a long period of time as it always comes at a price and we are never truly happy with what we are given in life. Happiness comes at a cost that causes individuals to do selfish things in order to better themselves and ultimately lose themself in this overarching need for happiness. For Helliwell and Putnam (2013) short term happiness normally consists of self-ratings of happiness and situation dependent expressions of mood, whereas long term measures of life satisfaction are more stable and constant. Therefore stating that “money can buy you happiness, but not much, and above a modest threshold, more money does not mean more happiness” (Helliwell and Putnam, 2013). Emphasising the notion that materialistic items that an individual can achieve through power and money doesn't necessarily lead to real happiness. An individual can feel happy for a slight moment in time but humanities ignorance to always want bigger and better eventually takes its toll and leads humanity down a dark and selfish path.

Danielle East said : Guest Report a month ago

The pursuit of happiness is a selfish journey, we need to be looking out for what is going to make us happy, how to get there and what benefits us most. For the individual to seek happiness there must be a balance within the society, the good of the one does not outweigh the good of the many in this instance. Social change is important for the individual to seek happiness, managing emotions such as anxiety and stress and being able to control them promotes social progress and change in emotions, it is able re-evaluating the times that we enjoy and reflecting upon how it was achieved. I agree that happiness depends on what we are doing rather than a measurement scale, it is the moments and experiences that establish happiness and create contentment and love. Therefore we can reflect on the moments that make us happy and understand where happiness comes and how to sustain it in society and build upon it.

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