SOC344 2018 Tut11 – Mon 12.30pm

For this week, you need to watch the video/photo montage compilation and post a comment or tweet. Let’s see what you’ve learned, and what you think others have learned and expressed, about how emotions and bodies are experienced, constructed, and managed in society.

#S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Posted in SOC327 - Emotions Bodies and Society, UOW.

24 Comments on SOC344 2018 Tut11 – Mon 12.30pm

Amelia Collier said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Throughout this subject I have learned that there is a lot more to emotions than I first thought. They are complex and have massive effects on not only ourselves but those around us and our society at large. The mind-body split was one of my favourite topics of this class. In particular the idea of rational and irrational emotions and whether our emotions where pointless in rational thinking. I also liked the emotional management section of the course, as working as a waitress I manage my emotion everyday. It was interesting to discuss why we do this and how to affects us. The last week on happiness and mindfulness in society was also one of the highlights of this class. I have taken the happiness subject and found many similarities in this week. As I spoke in my posting I love the idea of knowing we have the ability to create our own happiness by what we choose to focus on and how to choose to view our situations whether they are personally or on a global scale #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Samantha Walker said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Emotions are complex and through the video and photo montage one can see the different approaches each group took in order to encapsulate the emotion and social ideology they were presenting. The videos and photo montages that the groups presented all captured the ideas of bodies, emotions and the societal meanings through different platforms and presented their ideas in fun and interesting mannerisms. The love and intimacy topic discussed the social views of current topics of discussion, such as women and the changes to their sex and sexuality. it was interesting seeing how people introduced their ideas of love and modernity, especially in term of applications such as tinder and eHarmony. These different platforms and the ways they were presented displayed the different ways people can find relationships and sexual and romantic intimacy. The video that discusses the ideas behind manners and the ideas behind Ekman’s Emotions Revealed helped to present and explore the way emotions regulate and control the behaviour of individuals and help them to prepare for the important events and situations that occur day to day. The next set of videos I wished to discuss was the Body Modification which displayed how the different platforms explored and displayed how each platform change people’s emotion and cause individuals to feel anxiety, shame and self-consciousness about their physical body and the society in which they live in. The Deviance and Sneaky Thrills videos were interesting as they encompassed the seduction of crime and how each crime is performed through a lens of seduction and mischief, and then the element of morality is perceived as well through the discussions of work colleagues and them not doing any work. Each week presented a different topic and when all the pieces were placed together they present the notion that each person has a different sense of body, emotion and their concept of society and how they present themselves in the private and public spheres. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Adriana Temelkova said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Throughout this subject, it has made me critically think and question things that in the past I have never paid much attention to. Believing that yes, emotions and bodies were complex components, but never to the degree of complexity to which they really are and the extent that society has constructed, shaped and influenced the way that we as individuals are today. By watching the cohorts video/montage compilation upon the weekly topics, has made it both interesting and engaging for me to learn and further my understanding on those specific topics. Through topic 3 Civilised Bodies, Complex Emotions, when questioning the respondents about their emotions, it was interesting to see that each had a degree of knowledge that their emotions had an influence by society in some way, even sometimes I felt they were expressing an emotion that was an 'appropriate' answer to give when in a certain social context and place. This was demonstrated by the majority of the respondents being university students and were on UOW campus, with some 'normal' emotions linked to that specific area being 'stress', 'anxious' and 'nervous', which the majority responded with exactly those emotions when asked "how are you feeling today'. Another interesting aspect of this video compilation demonstrated the 'expected' and then 'not expected' behaviour when performing the 'inappropriate' behaviour when being in a certain social context and then showing the surrounding reactions of others. Both these examples strengths the notions that we moderate our behaviours and emotions to conform to social norms and to avoid feeling 'alienated' and by being in a specific social context/location can influence way that we 'feel'. Topic 4 Love and Intimacy in Late Modernity, really captured the notion that different time eras have extreme influence upon social 'norms' with specific areas such as 'sex' and 'relationships'. This compilation highlighted what we deem to be 'appropriate' and 'not appropriate' in today's society versus how it was in the past, highlighting the change in attitudes, a example a gay couple. Today, we are more accepting and open to individual's sex and relationship desires, then before when society would make it 'difficult' and 'shame' that individual, leading to negative thoughts of expressing emotion and body actions towards their partner as that's that the society has manipulated them to feel. Topic 6 Status Competition and Body Modification, was the most interesting and relatable topic to me. In today's technology and social media surrounded society, it has made it near impossible to escape the continuous 'perfect' images uploaded every second, resulting in the endless cycle of comparing and modifying ourselves to impress and 'fit in' in societies concept of 'beauty'. This leads to negative impacts on ones emotional and physical self, always following society's 'norms' of beauty. #S344UOW18 # Tut11# Mon1630

Christina Chhay said : Guest Report 8 months ago

A complex interrelationship exists between the emotions we experience, its interconnectedness with our bodies and the way in which society both constructs and influences these ideas and values that we uphold. These three factors are all interdependent of one another and lack meaning without each individual component. Many of the videos missed the societal context aspect of the given topic. The videos under the mind/body split topic highlighted the correlation between bodies and emotions, however neglected the possible impacts of society. The videos under the topic of love and intimacy in late modernity illustrated well, the three components. The contrast of the Victorian Era to late modernity is underpinned by the changes in societal values such as the attitudes towards women and their sexuality as well as the foundations of human interactions and how people go about meeting one another. The introduction of tinder as a platform to meet potential partners is widely used nowadays for its convenience. People are able to pick and choose and display how emotionally invested they are willing to get without certain negative emotions that may be associated with face to face interactions such as embarrassment and rejection. People also have the ability to display what they want in their profiles which can result in a different first impression to what may occur in a normal interaction. Thus, showing the impacts of differing social interactions and its effects on both emotions and bodies. This was also depicted in the happiness and reflexivity video interviewing different age groups and their varied opinions of happiness, effectively demonstrating the 'U' curve. Also highlighting the altered factors contributing to happiness changing with age such as personal motivators vs consideration towards others. Therefore, demonstrating the complex interactions between emotions, bodies and society and the way in which they influences the life and perspectives of individuals.

Matilda Harriman said : Guest Report 8 months ago

‘The Mind Body Split’ encouraged one to reflect on the relationship between reason and emotion utilising Paul Ekman’s ‘Emotions Revealed’ which examines the ways in which emotions regulate human behaviour and prepare individuals to deal with important events without having to think about what to do. The second video was based on Barbalet’s conventional, adverse and profound approaches to managing emotions. The third video made connections with the influence of social structures and the framework of one’s emotional expression and rationality. ‘Civilised bodies, complex emotions’ photo montage portrayed a range of common manners highlighting that individuals are always scrutinised under social expectations. I felt that this montage could have mentioned something about the evolution of manners and how this has changed in modern day. The second video was a range of questions that asked individuals whether they could identify and recognise if the emotions they were feeling were simple, complex or individually associated with Plutchik’s colour wheel and how emotions can be complicated and multilayered which ultimately create complex emotions. ‘Love and Intimacy in Late Modernity’ captured how an individual pursues a ‘pure relationship’ whilst replicating what Gidden’s portrayed as the ‘transformation of intimacy’. Nevertheless, it was captured in one video that intimacy in contemporary times is practiced differently with the rise of social media and online interactions in replacement of face to face communication compared to dating apps such as Tinder. ‘Status Competition and Body Modification’ films addressed how controlling online platforms are as they are the leading cause for anxieties, shame and self-consciousness within society. However, I feel that the videos could have touched on the stigma and influence surrounding individuals to transform their bodies and alter or resist social norms according to the ‘social expectations’ of today. The ‘Deviance and Sneaky Thrills’ video with the donuts is a really simple yet effective example to describe something that is socially seen as the wrong thing to do yet causes a rush of excited and confident emotions. ‘Modern Angst, Loneliness and Medicalisation’ focuses on current issues with mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety and how it has become more extensive with the development of society. I thought the satire where the doctor was throwing medication at their patient is an effective illustration of ‘Medicalisation’ in late modernity. However, I would have been interested to see how the behaviours of society have created an environment for mental illness. Lastly, I found the ‘Happiness and Reflexivity’ videos very thought-provoking and a good representation on different types of happiness depending on the age of the person. The factors that differentiated younger people, to middle age and elderly is a comprehensive example of the U shape model of happiness. There is no use downplaying the complex emotions that come with the complex beings we are. However, its fundamental we understand that these reactions can be significantly altered according to social structures. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Bridgitte Slinger said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Throughout SOC344 each topic demonstrates how emotions are constructed, experienced, disciplined and managed in society and within human bodies. Each topic discussed different emotions in social contexts, enabling my understanding of sociological conceptions of the body and the essential social links between emotions and bodies. (Topic 2) The Mind Body Split reviewed the historical duality of the mind and body I learnt that although evidence undermines the dualism, rationality is still much preferred to emotion in relation to decision making. The interviews explored the different relationships between logic and emotion and the reasons behind the different approaches. (Topic 3) Civilised Bodies and Complex Emotions demonstrated how modern society has changed the emotional regime making complex emotions more prevalent in late modernity. The presentations distinguished primary and secondary emotions and recognised how these feelings are socially managed and constructed. (topic 4) Love and Intimacy in late modernity assessed how the rise of technology and digital networks have altered perceptions and attitudes. The video presentations conveyed this through the interviews with traditional and contemporary relationships. they covered the topic extremely well but didn’t discuss the concepts ‘liquid love’ and the ‘pure relationship’ which would’ve improved their discussion. (Topic 6) Status Competition and Body Modification explored different perspectives surrounding body mutilation and modification and explained that attitudes are changing. The presentations discussed the contemporary idea that the body is a reflection of the soul and how media has deeply influenced this through social media but they didn’t express the commercialisation has played in this. (Topic 7) Deviance, Stigma and Sneaky Thrills discussed how stigma is linked to shame and bodies and reasons why people perpetrate stigma. The presentations covered both visible stigma of the body and invisible stigma and how they impact of one’s identity and touched on the concept of the “other”. They only briefly touched on the seductions of crime but failed to state the reasons people commit deviance within their presentations. (Topic 9) Modern Angst Loneliness and Medicalisation examined how loneliness and anxiety have become increasingly prevalent in contemporary society. The presentations discussed how this is not just a psychological disorder but is social and linked to changing intimacy and relational structures in late modernity. They didn’t discuss in the presentations how the treatments are mostly individualised and disregard the community structures. (Topic 10) Happiness and Reflexivity presentations captured the levels and reasons of happiness across different demographics and briefly discussed Easterlin’s paradox. The presentations successfully conveyed what makes people happy didn’t touch on emotional reflectivity which was core to understanding the links between emotions and bodies.

Emily Draper said : Guest Report 8 months ago

There was a great range of different types of videos in the compilation. I specifically liked the deviance videos. The fridge donuts video portrayed a secret surveillance style footage of theft and its thrill, while another video parodied the famous anti piracy ad to depict multiple types of deviance. The last video was an interview about both visible and invisible stigma. It was very interesting to me as someone who could totally relate to the invisible stigma and knows what it's like "not wanting to tell anyone", but doesn't have visible stigma so I was emotionally invested in both interviewees. Interviewing people with personal experience is the most effective way to learn about others in my opinion. Seeing others people videos from the same topic as mine was also very interesting. My skit was the most comedic of the bunch with the others being more serious. One video was a slideshow succinctly summing up the entire topic of modern angst, loneliness and medicalisation. I feel it may have been beneficial to do something different than what the class presentation already was in order to explore an aspect in more depth, show more perspectives or set a different tone. With my video we intended to have another as our main with mine as a comedic break but the other video fell through so I can see that it would have been beneficial to explain over medicalisation a bit more, but we got the point across. The last video was an interview with an individual about mental health, this could have been difficult since mental illness is such a personal and emotional topic but they pulled it off well with an interview with a layperson to see how the general public can see the issue. Only one video was about disconnection in the city with work. The interview made it clear that people felt their employment is insecure and don't want to get attached. While they're are too many great videos to talk about, they present a very broad and detailed exploration of emotion.

Grey Mein said : Guest Report 8 months ago

To summarise the video compilations, I believe that the majority of key concepts and themes from each weekly topic have been captured and demonstrated to varying degrees. The Mind/Body split compilations all touched on the argument between rationality and emotionality, and some of them placed this in the context of decision-making. One of the groups also discussed emotions regarding the body, in the context of physical disabilities and the emotional responses people have to those, which I think links in well to the status and body modification topic later on. It is interesting in hindsight to see these links showing through, intentionally or not. The civilised bodies, complex emotions videos faced 2 major dichotomies, being: Complex v. Simple emotions, and Individual v. Social emotions. There was also a photographic montage of how manners and politeness have changed over time, which pulls in the idea of late modernity well, and demonstrates the adaptive nature of emotional and social interactions. The love and intimacy in late modernity section was particularly comprehensive, and covered topics such as online dating trends and the use of social media to form relationships, media representations of love and relationships, changes in family patterns (EG marriage and divorce rates), and an increasing acceptance of experimentation with gender, sex, and sexuality. I think these ties together concepts such as plastic sexuality, the pure relationship, and commitment-phobia which were all discussed in the lecture and readings for the week. I think the groups for this week did particularly well in capturing and conveying these concepts, even if they weren’t directly named. The status competition and body modification topic was also interesting to me, and the videos demonstrated a range of emotions regarding relationships between the body and emotions. One thing that was not approached in the videos or even in the lecture that I feel could have been worth understanding is more modern feminist stances on body modification. I feel like there could be two major opposing feminist stances in regards to body modifications, being 1. The body should be appreciated and accepted as natural and perfect when unaltered, and 2. The body is the property of its owner, and the owner has the right to that which they please to it. This is an assumption, but I feel like this could have been interesting complementary information for this topic. I personally feel as though the deviance and stigma videos were a little weaker than other week’s topics, although this is understandable given the illicit nature of the topic. The videos addressed the idea of the “Other”, people from minority communities. The videos cited people of different minority races and sexualities, and the problem of micro-aggressions. Other videos put forward the idea of visible and invisible stigmas, which complemented this nicely. The angst, loneliness, and medicalization videos worked well together, although this may not have been intentional at all. One was predominantly regarding medicalization, another social loneliness, and another the loneliness of the city. The medicalization of emotional states was discussed at length, and I think this was well done, given the high prevalence of mental illnesses and disorders in our society, and the subsequent high levels of drug use. However, I believe this could have been taken further. A discussion regarding addiction to prescription (and non-prescription) drugs due to mental and emotional illnesses and disorders could have occurred, and further, potentially a discussion on the emotions regarding medicalization. For example, do people feel shame for being reliant on drugs? Do people worry about medicalization? Or do people feel reassured knowing drugs are easily available if they desire them? These points were not discussed and I think they could have provoked some interesting discussion. The happiness and reflexivity videos were a little ambiguous, but handled the subject matter well. One point that I found interesting was the idea that money can create happiness, but only to a certain extent, before the rates of happiness plateau. Overall, I thought the videos were very thoughtful and captured the subject matter well, as well as demonstrating an understanding the key concepts. I would have liked to see more discussion regarding feminist perspectives on body modifications, and the problems with and emotional responses to medicalization, however, the matter that was presented was done well and put some abstract concepts in to modern situations and scenarios.

Georgia Stack said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Throughout this subject a distinctive relationship between emotions, bodies and societal constructs has been explored. An overarching theme has emerged from all of the presentations and videos, and that is the effect of emotions to create societal constructs and vice versa. The videos from topic one explored the animalistic instinct behind emotion and the rationality that human’s poses that distinguishes us from animals, as per Descartes’ argument. The photo montage in topic 2 showed the expectations of manners in western societies and compared these to an “uncivilised” version, thus showing the societal expectations held when engaging in Western society. The ‘Bad Manners’ video in this topic also engaged in unspoken societal expectations, however provided a deeper emotional reaction to the viewer, reflective of the Burkitt’s (2000) theory of the emotions we feel when our barriers are pushed. The videos in Topic 4 showed an insight into the ideas of dating through technology explored in Furst’s (2010) article, in particular Tinder as a dating platform was highlighted and compared to a more traditional meet cute. One of the videos also explored the transition of romantic and sexual relationships from a private act within marriage, to an act that is more sexually open and explored outside of the constructs of marriage. The videos in Topic 5, were reflexive of the societal expectations on beauty. It was interesting to see the presenter in one of the videos question the interviewee on the difference between envy and admiration, similarly questioning interviewees if they thought the body was reflective of the soul was interesting to see how differently non-sociology minded people considered the connection. Finally, one of the videos looked at tattoos as a body modification, which is not always considered as readily as plastic surgery may be. All of the videos for this topic explored the desire for body modifications as a result of societal expectations of beauty (Heyes, 2011). Two of the videos in Topic 6 examined crime as a form of societal deviance and the fearful thrills that come from it, explore in Katz (1988). Whilst the other 2 videos looked at stigma in racial and sexuality settings, considering both visible and invisible stigmas (Hage, 2009). One of the videos in Topic 7 looked at the over-medicalisation of mental illnesses and other disorders (Bendelow, 2009), whilst another video considered the difference between anxiety disorders and generalised anxiety. Finally, a third video considered the importance of support networks and human connection (Sennett, 2000). The final topic, Topic 8, showed videos of people being reflexive of their happiness (Holmes, 2010). The first video almost perfectly identified the contributors of happiness across the age groups of young adult, middle age, and elder. In conclusion, all of the videos and photographic montages made throughout this subject have explore the necessary connection of emotions to societal rules and constructs, the importance of reflexivity has become apparent and the ability to distinguish emotions from cognitions and societal expectations has been explored.

Samantha Mackay said : Guest Report 8 months ago

‘The Mind Body Spilt’ questioned the decartes “cogito ergo sum” to encourage one to see the link between reason and emotion. The second video used Barbalet’s conventional, critical and radical approaches to managing emotions. The separation of the approaches conveyed how the three approaches work but a stronger focus on how they can be complex and would have elevated that we cannot make rational decisions without weighing up the emotional outcome. The third video linked to the role of social factors in shaping responses thus illustrating the role of ones context in experiencing and expressing emotion. ‘Civilised bodies, complex emotions’ first video of the accumulation of questions about emotions as simple, complex, social and individual aligned with Plutchik’s colour wheel and how emotions can overlap to create complex emotions. The video on manners effectively conveyed that our behaviours are constantly monitored by social rules. This could have touched more on how/why emotions such as shame and guilt are socially constructed. It is evident that even ‘love and intimacy’ are shaped by ones context as Gidden’s expressed the ‘transformation of intimacy’. The first video captured how one seeks a ‘pure relationship’ or intimacy is experienced differently within late modernity with the rise of social media and online dating such as Tinder. However, videos could have touched on if such online spaces seek passionate or companionate intimacy. ‘Status, Competition and body modification’ captures how social pressures with increased online platforms allow for constant supervision on appearance creating space for increased anxieties, shaming and and encouraging envy within society. I liked the videos emphasis on how ‘society dictates beauty’ and how we unconsciously envy or admire people all the time. The role of stigma in influencing individuals to modify their bodies to conform or defy social norms could have been touched on further. ‘Deviance, Stigma and Sneaky Thrills’ second video humorously captured Katz ‘seductions of crime’ and how individuals must ‘surface act’ to avoid being caught. It could have been elevated that the ‘thrill’ of deviance increases when acts avoid stigma or embarrassment. However, invisible vs. visible stigma was really well explained in the videos. Invisible stigmas are hidden within certain social spaces such as work thus highlighting the role of context in managing feelings and emotions. ‘Modern Angst, loneliness and medicalisation’ videos captures well that ‘levels of seriousness’ is a common question surrounding mental illness thus suffering individuals don’t receive early treatment. The videos didn’t touch on the role on society in creating the environment for mental illness. However, by drawing on Sennet and our late modern world it is clear that medicalisation as treatment is seen as a ‘quick fix’. ‘Happiness’ is elevated as the emotion we should strive to have at all times, through having money, work, family, friends etc. However, overall ‘surface acting’ happiness or downplaying complex emotions will not make you happy, we are complex beings with complex social influences that create emotional responses that are not simple. #S344UOW #Tut11 #Mon1230

Chloe Aubin said : Guest Report 8 months ago

In consideration of these videos and photo montages, it is clear that this course has provided a deep understanding of a broad range of complex emotions. Regarding the ‘civilised bodies, complex emotions’ topic, the third video explored the issue of civilised behaviour and manners exceptionally. Using real situations and capturing real reactions was a really creative idea that essentially proved that there are socially acceptable ways to behave in particular situations. This video is consistent with Wouters (2004) idea that “the twentieth century has seen an extended process of informalisation of manners along with a disciplined relaxation of people’s conscience and self-regulation”. Wouters (2004) explains that “much that was strictly forbidden at the end of the nineteenth century came to be allowed in the course of the twentieth”. This was explored extremely well in this video. In consideration of the ‘status competition and body modification’ topic, the first video thoroughly explores different perceptions of this issue. It explores the idea, while searching ‘#girlcrush’ and ‘#plasticsurgery’ on Instagram, that social media is constructing our idea of what it is to be ‘beautiful’. There has thus been a rise in plastic surgery for people who aspire to look like the socially constructed ‘beauty’. It was also revealed in this video that many of the interviewees would have undertaken plastic surgery to replicate their inner beauty externally. This is coherent with the idea that “while many cosmetic surgery recipients want to become (more) attractive, many (both qualitative research and popular representations suggest), want to better embody the kind of person they believe themselves, characterologically speaking, to be” (Heyes 2008). These videos provide a complex and in-depth analysis of complex emotions within our contemporary society, how it is perceived and its effects on individuals. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Angus Wren said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Watching the video based on Topic 2 about the “mind body split”, I discovered that students had perceived and displayed that emotion is a reactive impulse employed by the individual which helps cultivate important decision making. However, when looking at logic and emotion, the video portrayed logic as a form of emotional regulation. It was noted that both logic and emotion work together simultaneously, in both positive and negative ways. Topic 3 was about "Civilised bodies, complex emotions", through watching the videos I learnt that emotion or the manner of which we conduct ourselves in particular social situations are bound by strict social rules and norms. Additionally, I found out that the emotions we feel on a daily basis differ, and the extent of our emotion being simple or complex vary. The video portrayed that feelings were a product of both social and individual contributors which tie into simple and complex emotions felt. After viewing topic 4’s video on “Love and intimacy in late Modernity”, I noticed that Love and intimacy are shown in different ways depending on the person. Love and intimacy has changed culturally over the progression of society over the past. What was the social norm or standard, is now different. Although these videos showed how people fell in love and were intimate towards one and other, additionally it would have been interesting having explored the average duration and frequency of relationships, comparing the past and present and if the way we love has changed in that aspect. Topic six is based on “Status competition and body modification”, interestingly the video clearly displayed competition between individuals in society in being beautiful through body modification, however, body modification is only accepted or seen as beautiful to an extent. Some individuals take body modification to the extreme in their pursuit of acceptance and beauty. Sadly, society unrealistically portrays the perfect image, which in turn effects individuals to be unsatisfied with their selves, turning to body modification to fit in. Watching the video on topic 7 on “Deviance, stigma and sneaky thrills”, I found that the example of stealing donuts as a form of deviance, stigma and sneaky thrills was well thought and quite entertaining. This example accurately captures the act of doing something that is socially seen as wrong, but generates a good and excited feeling. Watching topic 9 based on “Modern Angst loneliness and medicalisation”, highlighted todays problem with mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression and how it has become more prevalent with the advancement of society. I found it amusing seeing the example of the patient telling the doctor about her symptoms and how she had felt, and in reaction the doctor, (representing the medicalisation of society today), kept throwing drugs and medication at the patient to solve their issues without looking at the underlying social conditions. Last of all, topic 10 about “Happiness and reflexivity. It was Interesting seeing the contrast between age groups in their subjective level of happiness and life satisfaction. Another thing that was quite intriguing was the factors that made each age group happy, showing younger people with more of a sense of happiness through the physical and social activities that they participated in. Compared to middle age which focused more of their happiness around family and financial stability. And the elderly focusing their happiness around staying healthy and being around their family. This accurately portrayed the U shape model of happiness. Overall, it was very interesting seeing how each video portrayed each topic, showing how students perceived the topics, while also adding to my experience and understanding. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

genevieve sutton said : Guest Report 8 months ago

The ‘mind/body split’ topic was well demonstrated through the films provided. The interviews used the theories provided through Ekman’s (2007) theory that emotions evolve through our experiences in life, and the way society manages and creates our emotions. These videos particularly the first provide an excellent discussion on rationality of emotions. The ‘civilised bodies, complex emotions’ films provide an understanding of the ways manners have evolved over time and our reaction to these mannerisms. The second film in this compilation is interesting in the way it asks people to identify their emotions and categorise them as simple or complex. Peoples inability here to identify the emotions they are feeling at that point, or on the other hand their ability to do so easily would have been interesting to explore more. Topic 4 ‘love and intimacy in late modernity’ was interesting in that it gave a good explanation of the development of new technology, like social media and online dating, and its impact on love and intimacy (Furst 2010). It is interesting to see the concept of the breadwinner has changed through time and the second video in this selection made a very smart choice in interviewing people of different ages to gain different perspectives. Topic 6 ‘consumption, status and body modification’ the interview done with the American student from 7mins- 8.20 was very interesting. I think exploring the difference between her perspective as an American to an Australian perspective would have been very interesting, particularly with manners. The topic of ‘deviance, stigma and sneaky thrills’ provided some very funny content through their videos. I think the third video providing an interview about stigma or invisible stigma, this was really well presented. Topic 9’s film’s provided a great understand of statistics and the over medication of people with depression or other mental health issues. I think by looking at all of the films together the understanding of loneliness and medicalisation is very well done, but all videos could have touched further on issues. #s344uow18 #mon1230 #tut11

Melissa Mackay said : Guest Report 8 months ago

In the first lecture of the semester, we were presented with a question: why study emotions? Throughout the course of the semester we have learnt that emotions reveal a great deal about the human condition, how society structures feelings, but also how processes of socialisation have a direct impact upon how we experience emotion. Early understandings of emotion saw the dichotomy of mind and body, emotion and reason. Conventionalists believed that the two were distinctly opposed. Over time, critical and radical approaches viewed emotion as complimentary to rationality, but also as being on a continuum. These perspectives, as explored in the mind/body split compilation, aided in understanding that perhaps emotion is far more complex than previously thought. Throughout the rest of session we became privy to the social processes which have direct influence on how we express love, jealousy and envy, and how we come to understand what it means to be intimate with one another. In the video compilation dealing with this topic, the institution of marriage was explored, as was the distribution of power in a relationship, both of which alter the expression of complex emotions. The expression of emotion in public and private spheres —the home versus the workplace — and Arlie Hochschild’s notion of ‘feeling rules’ moreover established the way in which we contain or control our emotions. This idea of emotion management was evident in a lot of the videos. In a film on modern angst, loneliness and medicalisation, managing emotions in order to “conform to social norms” (2:45-3:00) was identified as contributing to how we deal with complex and ‘negative’ emotions, but also suggested that society has changed to better accept that these emotions exist and cannot always be swept under the rug. In the final compilation sequence, the idea of emotional reflectivity was raised as a tool that can help engender gratitude and happiness. Taking a step back from life to reflect contributes to personal growth. Identifying emotions, be it basic emotions like Ekman’s six, or more complex compound emotions, can help create a more holistic understanding and appreciation of life. It is important to note that emotions are complex constructs of society, and each of the videos demonstrated this. Understanding emotions is challenging but all the more necessary to fully appreciate the human condition and who we are as individuals. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Teagan Starr said : Guest Report 8 months ago

The first film explored mind body duality predominately supporting Barbalet’s (1998) three approaches to understanding the difference and interplay between emotion and rationality. The compilation recognizes evolutionary approaches to emotion development and appreciates the animalistic nature of emotions. Although, this account mostly ignores the advantages of such reactions e.g. Ekman’s (2007) theory that without automatic appraisal our welfare and survival may be at risk. The video addresses the sociality of emotions, namely Ekman’s (2007) central idea that emotions evolve as we age to shape our responses to vital events in our life and acknowledges how our emotions are constructed and managed in society. Civilized Bodies and Complex Emotions complements the social construction of our emotions with most interviewees acknowledging the social influence on emotion. Although, I agree with Kelsea and Abby that this section requires further analysis. In addition to their suggestions of further exploring this through Kemper’s primary and secondary emotions, I suggest Burkitt’s (2002) theory on how the relation between the body and thought produce meaningful experiences. Explorations of how our emotions are the result of social and environmental interactions can reveal the subtly of power flows through emotion charged human relations affect social outcomes. The third film captures the transition to equitable relationships and challenges Illouz’s (2012) idea of commitment-phobe men, capturing the motivations for committed relationships. Societal transformation supports Giddens’ (1994) reflections of life in in a post-traditional society as increasingly individualized. However, the video doesn’t capture the importance of relationships and emotional management as representing the height of individuality, therefore failing to highlight how our social interactions influence emotion. Giddens’ (1994) ideas on a post-traditional life carried through to ‘Status and Body Modification’, exploring the influence of mass and social media on emotion. Body modification creates homogeneous bodies (Heyes 2007) but extreme body modification represents a deviation of social norms and evokes disgust. Deviance, Stigma and Sneak Thrills, effectively captures social othering based on visible stigma. The perpetrator’s experience of deviance is portrayed as an act of seduction and thrill (Katz 1988), however this compilation doesn’t address how deviance can be internalized by as a moral act to rectifying norm violations in certain situations (Bloch 2012). The videos on happiness and angst effectively contrast how different emotions are evoked, felt and managed in various public and private social circumstances. Ideas on Modern Angst and Loneliness particularly draw on Sennett’s (2000) idea of the urban environment and modern work creates insincere and disengaged relations. Bodies in late modernity are unstable and our bodies and emotions are developed through social and cultural processes.

Eunkyu Kim said : Guest Report 8 months ago

‘Mind and body split’, the topic that explains the relation between emotions and rationalities are implied in the videos related to this topic. All three in-depth interviews have shown their understanding of the mind and body split. ‘Civilised bodies and complex emotions’ videos have shown well in explaining how emotions and bodily behaviours are complex and civilised in modern society. Video starting at 7:48 was interesting to see that how people react when they have witnessed a situation that is considered rude or not a manner. Through civilised process explained by Norbert Elias cited in Wouter (2001), people have banned certain bodily behaviour as an inappropriate manner and disciplined themselves to forbid those behaviours through emotions of shame and embarrassment. When this law is broken, even though strict emphasis on manners have been faded away in modern society, people feel offence to the person who broke the manner law. This video is a good example of showing this idea. ‘Love and intimacy in late modernity’ videos have shown clearly how people’s intimacy, love and relation have changed in the late modern society. It was interesting to watch the video starting at 10:00 interviewing various people in various age group which shows that people are meeting more on the basis of advanced technology; social media, and that more equal relation with their partner is required and achieved compared to the past society. As in the late modern society where sexual freedom is apparent (Illouz 2012), the relation of love and intimacy has become a ‘pure relationship’ between partners. This example along with every other examples have shown this clearly. ‘Consumption status and body modification’ videos have touched on the feelings that people feel for their body by comparing to relatively standard bodily shape that the society points out as a standard. Emotions of envy and admiration, and its difficulty of distinguishing between envy and admiration was well explained in the first video. Further, other videos have well shown the social construction of body shapes and how it affects oneself in the basis of emotional reactions. ‘Deviant and sneaky thrills’ videos are interesting to watch as it is majorly linked with stigmas and seduction of crimes. The first two videos demonstrated how crime seduces people to commit crime starting from stealing one donut to bigger crimes such as theft and assaults. The following interview videos have well shown the stigmatization of social minorities through explaining visible and invisible stigmas applied to racial and sexual minorities. The first video of ‘Modern angst, loneliness and medicalisation’ topic has well covered the statistics of people feeling negative emotions and the causation of these emotions by explaining the current situation of the modern society. Second video also have well covered through making a parody of overmedicalisation of modern society. The other videos also have covered the topic well by interviewing people who have experienced certain situations. And finally, ‘Happiness and reflexivity’ topic videos majorly compared how people feel happy by comparing ages which I think is very interesting and well designed. By comparing various age groups, it shows that people feeling happiness is diverse by not only gender, personality and personal experience but also age and social status gives significant difference of people feeling happiness. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #MON1230

Carley Bradbury (Phillips) said : Guest Report 8 months ago

‘The Mind-Body Split’ focused on how people differentiate between the body and emotion. This included whether emotion was thought to play a role in rational thinking and whether emotion was useful in making rational decisions. ‘Civilised Bodies, Complex Emotions’ examined how we are socialised to act a certain way, and how this, in turn, can influence our emotions in certain situations, whether this is a complex or simple emotion. ‘Love and Intimacy in Late Modernity’ focused on how love and intimacy were seen differently in the past as opposed to now. This included how modern dating occurs, i.e. Tinder, modern relationship dynamics and how people talk about and feel about sex in late modernity. ‘Status Competition and Body Modification’ looked at how our physical appearance can influence the way we feel about our bodies and the bodies of others. This included feelings of envy of other people’s looks, or disgust for some of the modifications that someone has. It is also explained that our appearance, or our want to modify our appearance, is largely influenced by societies perceived notions of what we should look like and the stigma that surrounds those who do not conform, e.g. being overweight. ‘Deviance, Stigma and Sneaky Thrills’ focused on how deviant acts can be seen as criminal, i.e. stealing or acts that are against the ‘norm’ create a stigma which can be visible or invisible. Such acts include being part of a certain ethnicity where an individual may then feel shame for being ‘other’, or someone who identifies as LGBTI* and may have fear around telling people for fear of their reaction. ‘Modern Angst, Loneliness and Medicalisation’ spoke about the current state of mental health and how more people are having feelings of depression and anxiety. It is questioned as to whether these issues are being overdiagnosed with medication rather than acknowledging that it is normal to not always feel happy. ‘Happiness and Reflexivity’ looked at how a person’s level of happiness changes over time due to the influence of their circumstances (i.e. money, family life, workplace etc.) and the normalising effect of society through comparison of your own life in regards to others.

Samantha McAuley said : Guest Report 8 months ago

In topic 2 I thought it was well interpreted that the mind and body are interconnected which was a view seen by Aristotle. These videos stated how emotions are reactive, bringing up issues around the management of emotions to stop ‘impulsive decisions’ being made. This identified how the mind and body work together to help social situations run more smoothly and to help identify social cues made by observing other people’s emotions. The topic 3 videos I thought gave a good insight into how manners in society have changed overtime from historically (Elias 1978) to now, which are more laid back. It was also interesting how sometimes people didn’t know how to identify their emotion or had mixed emotions which I feel is a common theme in society around feeling these complex emotions. Lastly, I thought the video where they had someone speaking loudly on the phone in the library etc, gave a good representation of how when people do something out of the ordinary, most people seemed quite offended and disgusted which I thought captured society’s emotions really well. Topic 4 gave a good representation of how love and intimacy has changed from more face to face communication to now more connecting through online networks (Furst 2010). The videos captured how in society today it is very common to find a partner through social media, where the other (possibly older) individuals showed how they met their partner through friends etc. I thought it was interesting when people were asked about marriage being one’s ultimate goal, the older individuals stated yes and the younger people said no, I think this again reflects the times that people grew up in and how it affects their views and values. Topic 6 I thought brought up the emotions of envy and admiration well, stating how if someone has worked for something they deserve, you will feel admiration, whereas if someone hasn’t earned something we are envious. I think however social media for example has made it hard to always see if someone has worked for something if you aren’t good friends with them outside of social media. I thought the videos represented well how society affects the feelings we have of ourselves (Wouters 2011), particularly how facebook etc, is all about the way you appear to others, thus people doing what they can to make themselves feel more accepted within society. Topic 7 I thought was interesting that a question asked brought up the response that people single you out due to the colour of your skin and the emotions of shame and embarrassment. I also thought the last video was interesting in that the person stealing an item looked up as if she was thinking ‘should I go through with this’, which made me wonder if people in society do this, and if that person would be willing to give themselves up after trying to steal. Topic 9 I thought captured the facts and statistics around depression and social anxiety well, and how it can affect someone when in social settings around feelings of shame, guilt, embarrassment and more. I also thought the videos displayed how the concept of social anxiety is more accepted in today’s society which I think is true because there may be more understanding of the issue. Finally, in the last topic of happiness, I thought the video with interviews of different ages gave great insight to the ‘typical’ responses of what makes them happy for their age group and allowed for an understanding of how people interpret their happiness. It also displayed the U-shape relationship of young adults having a high rating of happiness, in middle age it decreases and then goes up again in older people (Bartram 2012). I also thought that the younger adults had hobbies and activities as their source of happiness whereas the older adults were about families which is a good representation of what most people’s responses would be to those types of questions, and also showed the concept of reflexivity with individuals trying to understand their emotions and evaluate them to have meaning (Holmes 2010). #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #1230

Kelsea Latham said : Guest Report 8 months ago

From civilised bodies and manners, to modern angst and happiness, we have seen the complexity of emotions and bodies throughout the course of history and into modernity. Through a sociological and reflexive perspective, we discussed the role society plays in the structure, development, and management of emotions in private and social settings. It can be understood that emotions and bodies are constructed and managed socially, and for the most part individually experienced. In the Mind Body Split compilation, the mock interview between 2:55 and 6:03 I believe represents the perceived dichotomy between reason and emotion with an understanding of individuals experience. This piece is noticeably formed around Barbalets discussion concerning emotion and rationality, with effective portrayal of the three different approaches to emotions; conventional, critical and radical. The format enabled the approaches to be explained using an individual’s encounter with bad news and used effective examples of how the individual’s emotions affected their body and body language through a reflexive and critical lens. Furthermore, within the topic of civilised bodies and complex emotions, the interview piece between 0:38 and 5:50 attempts to give a range of views on how emotions are either social and/or individual, and complex and/or simple. Although, it does not go into an in-depth discussion on why the interviewed individuals may define their emotions the way in which they did. It may have been more effective to have explored the emotions discussed in terms of Kempers understanding of primary and secondary emotions. This would have allowed the distinction between social and individual emotions to be explained further, as well as encouraging further reflexive thinking. From the same topic, the piece between 5:50 and 8:50 explores how space, deviance and the interactions with others has caused change in emotions over time. There is an emphasis on what is seen as good manners in a social setting, with reference to Elias’ Civilising Process, and how that can prescribe specific emotions within specific social situations. Overall, the visual pieces were effective in demonstrating the complexity and importance of what we have learnt within this subject. A direct link between bodies and emotions has been explored, along with the presence of social structures and the effect society has on both the management and experience of emotions and bodies. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Kaitlyn Poole said : Guest Report 8 months ago

A common style throughout many of the groups' films were interviews featuring people without a sociological background. Topic one, topic six, topic nine and topic ten featured this to some degree and topic three featured both sociology students and non-sociology. I think it is crucial in sociological research; especially in areas such as emotions which can be crucial for developing greater wellbeing, functional cities and urban development and treating mental illness, to understand how the general public understands and interprets their emotions. It highlights misconceptions regarding how we experience emotions. An awareness of these misconceptions allows researches to implement strategies to teach others, a crucial aspect when dealing with prevalent mental health stigma and deviance. I found the films regarding Deviance and Sneaky Thrills and Modern Angst, Loneliness and Medicalisation particularly interesting. Both frequently utilised humour but did provide examples of how theories in the readings functioned. The Deviance film firstly depicted more trivial forms of deviance that relates to thrill seeking and the seduction of crime described by the Katz reading. This form of deviance, like the stealing of a donut, are based on opportunity and convenience. As Katz puts it "it would be so easy". The group also addressed more wide spread and systemic forms of crime, such as racially motivated hate-based crimes. These crimes are deeply rooted in social prejudice, spawning out of a fear of the 'other'. The group did well to address this as it is a difficult topic to discuss. Using a humorous representation of a doctors consultation to convey a bias toward medicalisation and interviews regarding how people feel in the workplace and the city. They clearly identified how the Sennett reading highlighted that cities were becoming increasingly lonely places. I enjoyed these groups in particular because I believe these a very important areas in which we can change the way we discuss emotions and the health issues that can arise out of an absence of emotional support or an overuse of emotional labour (more toward surface acting). For example, if we can change the conversation regarding mental illness as 'abnormal' from a 'healthy' mind than our treatment of sadness, depression, anxiety and loneliness can improve.

Mikaela Cleary said : Guest Report 8 months ago

The second topic “The mind body split” did well to differentiate between the roles our mind our body play to our lives. This included how emotions influence and regulate our actions and how our body also plays a role in how we act. Topic three “Civilised bodies, complex emotions” explained how our civilization influences our emotions in terms of them being complex or simple, or individual or social. This topic also examined how our interactions with others can influence if we view our emotions are simple or complex. The fourth topic “Love and intimacy in late modernity” explained how the use of social media may help in assisting love and intimacy, as well as how love and intimacy has changed due to increased use of social media and technology. Relationships may be less permanent or emotionally close as they used to be when other people weren’t as easily accessible due to social media. The sixth topic “Status competition and body modification” differentiates between the roles of envy and admiration in status competition as well as the desire for cosmetic modification. This topic also analysed what the driving force behind the want and need for body modification is and what people’s views are on what is acceptable and what is considered too much. It was indicated that if the modification may enhance beauty it seen as more acceptable. Topic number seven “Deviance, stigma and sneaky thrills” explained what feelings make people want to do deviant acts and why people seek a sense of thrill from doing these deviant acts. It was also outlined how stigma may influence people to do deviant acts and seek thrill. Topic number nine “Modern angst, loneliness and medicalization” outlined the prevalence mental health problems and if these are really “problems” that need treating. It was discussed that it is not normal to only be happy all the time, it is normal to feel a lot of different feelings including negative feelings. So, does mental health really need to be treated through pharmaceuticals? Topic number ten “Happiness and reflexivity” analysed how our happiness levels changes throughout our lives due to our circumstances and society. This may impact on our feelings of happiness and our feelings of life satisfaction, so happiness may not be seen as individualized. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Liam Thomas said : Guest Report 8 months ago

Regarding topic 2, the first and last videos demonstrate well how a layperson understands the topic, but doesn’t explain how sociologists understand the topic. In comparison, the second, news format video is more explicitly sociological in talking about the body-mind split. For topic 3, the first and last videos do a great job demonstrating how some bodily positions and behaviours are considered socially civilised while others are not through comparison. The second video demonstrates well that many people acknowledge the complexity of emotions via their social elements. The topic 4 videos use interview and personal narratives to show how modern technologies (with younger generations) have enabled the cultivation of romantic relationships and also how “romantic love” still permeates how people acknowledge the validity of relationships, even though they agree that media portrayals of love and intimacy are idealised and unrealistic and that some ideas of relationships have changed over time (ex. Breadwinning ideals). The topic 6 videos provided excellent demonstrations of key sociological concepts, such as the difficulty in distinguishing between emotions such as envy, jealousy and admiration, social construction of bodies as reflective of the inner self and of beauty equating to goodness. Through interviews it critically examined reasons why cosmetic surgery is sought to enhance beauty and/or confidence. The first two videos and the last video in topic 7 were very amusing. They had an effective use of parody to entertain the audience. However, they did not explicitly delve into the sociological topics of the week (providing definitions, challenging viewpoints, etc.) I would have liked to have seen more of an explicit discussion on devience and sneaky thrills in these videos. In contrast, the third video provided a poignant discussion of the notion of stigma in society and how many people are complicit in racial microaggressions. Similarly, the fourth video discussed the LGBTQI+ community in the same manner with a focus on how it serves as invisible stigma. As for topic 9, the first video had a very clear narration with a succinct summary of depression statistics and its increase in modern society due to changing social factors, along with an explanation of medicalisation. It covered all these topics very well. The second video was an entertaining parody spoofing overmedicalisation. The third and fourth videos used an interview format to focus more on topic discussion. However I found the third video a little meandering and unfocused. The fourth video had some enlightening observations about alienation in the city and workplace, along with effective accompanying imagery. Finally, for topic 10, these videos each used different age groups (even if the difference was between the age of the interviewee and interviewer) to effectively portray a spectrum of different ideas to define happiness. The interview format was particularly effective at prompting reflexivity within the interviewees and demonstrating how we can look back on our life circumstances and their relationship to our overall happiness, and how this can differ between diverse peoples. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Abby Tozer said : Guest Report 8 months ago

In the very first lecture Roger offered Frinklestein’s (1980) description of an emotion, as ‘the individuals interpretation of bodily sensation that is the emotion, and this is shaped by acculturation and inter-personal relations’, thus becoming states of consciousness, constantly influenced by the social world around us, emotions are therefore far more complex than feelings and moods in the era of late modernity. The mind/body split was well captured by the second video in the compilation, with Barbalet’s (1998) radical vs. critical approach discussed. The interviewee expressed the difference between her initial emotional motivation (critical), whilst juxtaposing this to the radical approach of those around her. Barbalet (1998, pg. 38) argues that in a radical approach, rationality and emotions are a continuous phenomenon, that can ultimately bring us to rational decisions. This brings us into complex and civilised emotions. The second video in this compilation encapsulated the complexity of socially constructed mixed emotions, however, failed to discuss some important lecture material; Kemper’s idea of primary (universal) and secondary (socially constructed) emotions, this would have enhanced the discussion. An interesting aspect of this video was the inability for one student to name her emotions, this is as a result of the technicality of late modern living and the societal effect on primary emotions, in different social situations. The concept of late modernity as discussed by Giddens’ directly correlates with themes portrayed in the love/intimacy and body modification videos. Described as the disembedding of time and space, late modernity has seen social interactions transformed by advancements in technology, transport and the rise of globalisation (Routledge, 2016). Much of this was described in the 2nd love/intimacy interview; it was clear that generational ideals have transformed with the rise of social networking and the transformation of gender roles. Similarly, in the body modification week, envy and to some extent admiration, as opposing concepts, were attributed to this transformation in technology. Although, the rise of social media and mass media marketing, perpetuating anxieties (shame + embarrassment) and encouraging envy within society (Nabi, Keblusek, 2014, pg. 213, 225) could have been discussed more, as could the the rise of idealistic ‘beauty’ and the commodification of the industry. This concept of late modernity correlates into the rise of the modern urban work/life environment, whereby we have become a lonely, stigmatised society dependent on medicalisation, rather than tackling the problem with preventative social measures. These themes although represented individually e.g. over medicalisation, in each video, could have been presented in conjunction with Sennett’s (2000) 4 reasons for disconnect; physical attachment to the city, standardisation of work/public consumption, globalisation and family disorientation; this would have connected the societal pressures to the issues raised for a more holistic approach. Finally, the concept of reflexivity (Holmes, 2010) offered in the happiness lecture and expressed in all the videos has the ability to be applied to all weeks of the course, it is this reflexive nature that allows humans to grow and develop as social beings, hence my final realisation lay in the acknowledgment that complete happiness is not attainable, nor desirable, because to be a complete social being, we must experience emotions in all of their complexities. #S344UOW18 #Tut11 #Mon1230

Serena Barsby said : Guest Report 8 months ago

The clips in the ‘Happiness and reflexivity’ topic that spans from 5:23 to 8:44 compiles a bunch of pictures and videos displaying happiness as the result of family, friends, travelling, being nature etc. I think this section did a really great job at capturing just how socially constructed happiness tends to be in our society. The Helliwell and Putnam reading proved this as they found “…strong links from family, friends, neighbours and community involvement to physical health.” (p.1443). Overall the social-based content of this groups photo and video montage nicely displays how social/ community involvement can impact overall happiness either directly or indirectly (i.e. through physical health). Yet I felt in that this montage dealt with the question of what determines in a simplistic way. They highlighted the social impact brilliantly but missed some of the interesting (and often surprising) conclusions made about happiness determinates in the readings. For example, although Helliwell and Putnam found social capital to have what they termed a ‘turbocharged’ effect on happiness they concluded that education had a stronger effect on health than subjective wellbeing (p.1443). I personally found this interesting considering on the outset I would have assumed education to assist well-being more so than health. This finding gets even more interesting as the authors found that income and health have a smaller effect on each other compared to income and life satisfaction except in the US where income is a much more relevant influencer to health than to happiness (I am assuming this would be in regard to the poorly set up health care system America has in relation to other countries, specifically European nations). This displays some of the cultural, economic and political factors that implicate happiness ratings. The Helliwell and Putnam reading also found that income may affect happiness negatively in some respects “…because in today’s advanced societies, it is relative, not absolute, income that matters.” (p. 1444). I think this is fascinating considering happiness and money are often believed to be synonymous but in fact income will only increase life satisfaction up until basic needs are met, past that point income no longer has a positive effect. Instead people comparing their income to others becomes more influential. We can see just how strongly inequality effects happiness and the clear effect of reflexivity’s impact on emotions that the Holmes reading discusses. Unfortunately, the montage that I have been referring to does not elucidate either of these findings that were particularly insightful from the readings, but they still managed to highlight the major influence of social ties to happiness well. The video and photo montage for the topic ‘Status competition and body modification’ that spans from 0:00 to 6:29 captures the essence of the comparison emotions of envy and admiration brilliantly and manages to explain these terms whilst also prompting insightful understandings via the interview. Although envy is unpleasant and hostile whilst admiration is a more positive/ socially appropriate emotion I thought one girl’s response about feeling BOTH envy and admiration simultaneously was very thought provoking. I think this an interesting sentiment considering these comparison emotions are the basis for the normalisation (and thus homogenisation) of society and so the fact that they tend to interconnect on some levels displays how individuals may feel both positive and negative emotions regarding how their society coerces individuals to ‘normalise’ themselves to a set of predetermined standards. The leading question of this montage’s interview segment was whether the participants believe that the body reflects the soul which is Cressida Heyes point when she states that “…we are now told cosmetic surgery is a way of working on the self that enables grater authenticity…and sows the seeds of a better character.” (p.18). I would have liked for this interview to delve deeper into this issue and further ask the participants why they agreed or disagreed with this philosophical idea as this would have helped to elucidate how enduring this sentiment is in current society (as it is directly transferred to the rising popularity in body modification) and would display as a result how this idea and process of comparison creates a socialisation (conformity) of individuals.

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