SOC234 Week 12 Ethics/Exam Q&A – Vern

Dear SOC234 Students,

Please leave your Week 12 questions regarding the Week 11 Ethics topic, and the SOC234 Exam here as comments for your tutor, and they will respond to them between Monday and Wednesday. These are designed to help you prepare for the exam, and will accompany the Q&A session you will have with me during this week as well.



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14 Comments on SOC234 Week 12 Ethics/Exam Q&A – Vern

Maggie Sydenham said : Guest Report 9 months ago

MAGGIE SYDENHAM “First, do no harm”. This statement is purported to come from the Hippocratic oath, but to be accurate it is not part of the Hippocratic oath but another of Hippocrates’ works, ‘Of the Epidemics’. Regardless of the origin, it could be a worthwhile thought to keep in mind when approaching any social research project. The Australian Government’s National Health and Medical Research Council’s ‘Values and Principles of Ethical Conduct’ lists: respect for human beings, research merit and integrity, justice and beneficence as essential requirements in social research. (Walters, ed. 2013, pp.77-78) Many of the issues confronted in social research are extremely sensitive therefore privacy and confidentiality must be safeguarded. Participants need to be provided with clear information regarding the research, the process, how it will be conducted, any risks and what is required of them. (Walters, pp.79-80). A Statement of Informed Consent is provided to each participant in the research, laying out the nature of the study, what is expected of them and the format (e.g. interviews, questionnaires, focus groups etc). They are informed of their right not to answer or to terminate their participation. The Statement is signed by both the participant and the investigator (Walters p. 81). Anonymity and confidentiality must be maintained, and any data stored securely after ensuring that anything identifying the participants has been removed. Any personal information should be destroyed once the data gathering is finalised (Walters, p. 83) Ethical questions regarding data from social media are under question. An article in The Conversation (Hunter, 2014) questioned the ethics of a study undertaken by Facebook and its use of manipulation of the news feed of many of its users. Accessing users’ data would seem to be consented to because every user must sign Facebook’s Data Use Policy, a policy that very few users would have read thoroughly. The manipulation of users’ data by Facebook would seem to have been done without explicit consent, and this raises ethical concerns. Doubtful methods of research such as deception, including subjects without their knowledge and covert research could result in a betrayal of trust of participants (Walters, p. 92). It is not only the welfare of the participants in any study that should be maintained, but the researcher could also be placed at some risk. For example, interviewing participants in unsafe environments, witnessing illegal activities and the psychological effects of researching sensitive issues. Besides the researcher’s personal welfare, care should be taken to truthfully report findings and to avoid plagiarism (Walters, p. 87). Misrepresentation or presenting false findings should be strenuously avoided as this can destroy a researcher’s reputation. (Walters, p. 88). Each funding source and the amounts provided should be revealed (Walters, p. 90) Walters, M ed. (2013), Social Research Methods, 3rd ed. Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Chapter 4, Ethics and Social Research, pp. 72-98 Hunter, D (2014) Consent and ethics in Facebook’s emotional manipulation study, The Conversation, accessed 23/5/2018 Sorry, I didn't realise I had to submit it here as well as Turnitin.

Vern said : Guest Report 9 months ago

-- This appears to be the page to post responses to the blog assignment on ethical research. Maybe email Roger to confirm? -- There is no limit to the amount of information you bring, so long as it is in hard copy (Please consider the environment before printing copious amounts of notes. Also, you don't want to spend the whole time going through notes instead of answering the exam questions). -- There will not be summary slides being posted on Moodle. Please see the blog previous to this one for more information

Chloe Hancock said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Does anyone have the slides yet??

Jaqueline Quintanilla said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Hi, my questions were already answered because of others' questions but I'm still waiting on the slides as well...

Elise said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Hi Vern, so do we post our ethical blog responses on this particular page or on the blog page for lab 11? Is there any limit of how much information/material we can bring in for the quiz?

Vern said : Guest Report 9 months ago

My apologies, the ethics posts do also belong here

Vern said : Guest Report 9 months ago

-- As outlined in the week 12 lecture, the exam is multiple choice and conducted in tutorials through moodle (open book, no digital material). -- Posts for the ethics tweet/blog task belong on a different blog post. -- I'll be checking this space regularly through week 12. -- A physical calculator is best. The only windows you'll be allowed to have open on the computer are the test itself and SPSS. -- Roger, when will the week 12 slides be available to students?

Chloe Hancock said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Hi Vern, Do you know where the week 12 summary slides are available please?

Katy said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Very useful Vern, thanks. Where are the Week 12 lecture slides? I don't see them on the Moodle but it would be useful to have a summary of the semester's content. Also do we need a physical calculator or would we be able to use the computer's calculator that we'll be taking the test on?

Chloe Hancock said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Thank you Vern, I'm still going through revision and don't have any questions yet- how long is the q & a open for please? Can we use this platform later in the week?

Maggie Sydenham said : Guest Report 9 months ago

I don't even know what questions to ask. Your comment, Vern, was very helpful. I would really like to see other students' questions.

James said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Research ethics have to be applied to all research throughout all forms of research practice within interviews and surveys from qualitative and quantitative research to gather data. ‘The ethical golden rule is to do no harm’ (Brounéus 2011 p.141). Therefore allowing the research taken place to minimise harm to those giving you data on the sociological research. When practicing research we must protect our participants but also protect ourselves when conducting research in the field. The researcher must always get consent from participants when conducting surveys or interviews. When researching we must identify vulnerable groups such as children, people with disabilities and healthcare patients and professionals. Resnik explores that there are reasons why it is important to have ethics in research because it allows to promote the aims of research by perceptions of truthful knowledge and data in research and these ethic values allow collaboration between researchers and participants through respect and trust (2015 p. 2). When conducting interviews they must be ethical Ngozwana explains otherwise issues in qualitative methodology will occur, from withdrawing from the study if anonymity and confidentiality are not established (2018 p. 19).In research the participant should have the right to anonymity and confidentiality when conducting interviews and answering survey questions. References Brounéus, K., 2011. In-depth interviewing: The process, skill and ethics of interviews in peace research. Understanding peace research: Methods and challenges, pp.130-145. Resnik, D.B., 2015, December. What is ethics in research & why is it important. In ideas, pp. 1-11 Ngozwana, N., 2018. Ethical Dilemmas in Qualitative Research Methodology: Researcher's Reflections. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 4(1), pp.19-28.

Monique said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Hi, just wondering if the exam is a tech fail and is it multiplie choice? And is it online?

Vern said : Guest Report 9 months ago

Hi All, I recommend the best things to bring to the in class exam are: Lecture and Tutorial guide (for SPSS related questions) Textbook - Social Research Methods, edited by Maggie Walter (if you purchased/borrowed it) Week 12 lecture slides (summarising the content for the semester Any other lecture slides you feel you may need Calculator (to assist calculating ME and 95%CI, in case there is a question about this) Remember that you are only allowed hard copies of material and not digital versions. Please post any further questions you have here, rather than email. This way everyone in the class may benefit, as they may also have the same inquiries. Regards, Vern

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